New Producer配置

半兽人 发表于: 2015-03-10   最后更新时间: 2016-03-15  
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3.4 新生产者配置

We are working on a replacement for our existing producer. The code is available in trunk now and can be considered beta quality. Below is the configuration for the new producer.
我们正在研究一种替换现有的producer,现在代码在trunk中是可用的,下面是配置新的producer。

Name Type Default Importance Description
bootstrap.servers list
high A list of host/port pairs to use for establishing the initial connection to the Kafka cluster. Data will be load balanced over all servers irrespective of which servers are specified here for bootstrapping—this list only impacts the initial hosts used to discover the full set of servers. This list should be in the formhost1:port1,host2:port2,.... Since these servers are just used for the initial connection to discover the full cluster membership (which may change dynamically), this list need not contain the full set of servers (you may want more than one, though, in case a server is down). If no server in this list is available sending data will fail until on becomes available.
用于建立与kafka集群连接的host/port组。数据将会在所有servers上均衡加载,不管哪些server是指定用于bootstrapping。这个列表仅仅影响初始化的hosts(用于发现全部的servers)。这个列表格式:
host1:port1,host2:port2,...
因为这些server仅仅是用于初始化的连接,以发现集群所有成员关系(可能会动态的变化),这个列表不需要包含所有的servers(你可能想要不止一 个server,尽管这样,可能某个server宕机了)。如果没有server在这个列表出现,则发送数据会一直失败,直到列表可用。
acks string 1 high The number of acknowledgments the producer requires the leader to have received before considering a request complete. This controls the durability of records that are sent. The following settings are common:
  • acks=0If set to zero then the producer will not wait for any acknowledgment from the server at all. The record will be immediately added to the socket buffer and considered sent. No guarantee can be made that the server has received the record in this case, and theretriesconfiguration will not take effect (as the client won't generally know of any failures). The offset given back for each record will always be set to -1.
  • acks=1This will mean the leader will write the record to its local log but will respond without awaiting full acknowledgement from all followers. In this case should the leader fail immediately after acknowledging the record but before the followers have replicated it then the record will be lost.
  • acks=allThis means the leader will wait for the full set of in-sync replicas to acknowledge the record. This guarantees that the record will not be lost as long as at least one in-sync replica remains alive. This is the strongest available guarantee.
  • Other settings such asacks=2are also possible, and will require the given number of acknowledgements but this is generally less useful.

producer需要server接收到数据之后发出的确认接收的信号,此项配置就是指procuder需要多少个这样的确认信号。此配置实际上代表了数据备份的可用性。以下设置为常用选项:
(1)acks=0: 设置为0表示producer不需要等待任何确认收到的信息。副本将立即加到socket  buffer并认为已经发送。没有任何保障可以保证此种情况下server已经成功接收数据,同时重试配置不会发生作用(因为客户端不知道是否失败)回 馈的offset会总是设置为-1;
(2)acks=1: 这意味着至少要等待leader已经成功将数据写入本地log,但是并没有等待所有follower是否成功写入。这种情况下,如果follower没有成功备份数据,而此时leader又挂掉,则消息会丢失。
(3)acks=all: 这意味着leader需要等待所有备份都成功写入日志,这种策略会保证只要有一个备份存活就不会丢失数据。这是最强的保证。
(4)其他的设置,例如acks=2也是可以的,这将需要给定的acks数量,但是这种策略一般很少用。

buffer.memory long 33554432 high The total bytes of memory the producer can use to buffer records waiting to be sent to the server. If records are sent faster than they can be delivered to the server the producer will either block or throw an exception based on the preference specified byblock.on.buffer.full.

This setting should correspond roughly to the total memory the producer will use, but is not a hard bound since not all memory the producer uses is used for buffering. Some additional memory will be used for compression (if compression is enabled) as well as for maintaining in-flight requests.
producer可以用来缓存数据的内存大小。如果数据产生速度大于向broker发送的速度,producer会阻塞或者抛出异常,以“block.on.buffer.full”来表明。

这项设置将和producer能够使用的总内存相关,但并不是一个硬性的限制,因为不是producer使用的所有内存都是用于缓存。一些额外的内存会用于压缩(如果引入压缩机制),同样还有一些用于维护请求。

compression.type string none high The compression type for all data generated by the producer. The default is none (i.e. no compression). Valid values arenone,gzip, orsnappy. Compression is of full batches of data, so the efficacy of batching will also impact the compression ratio (more batching means better compression).
producer用于压缩数据的压缩类型。默认是无压缩。正确的选项值是none、gzip、snappy。
压缩最好用于批量处理,批量处理消息越多,压缩性能越好。
retries int 0 high Setting a value greater than zero will cause the client to resend any record whose send fails with a potentially transient error. Note that this retry is no different than if the client resent the record upon receiving the error. Allowing retries will potentially change the ordering of records because if two records are sent to a single partition, and the first fails and is retried but the second succeeds, then the second record may appear first.
设置大于0的值将使客户端重新发送任何数据,一旦这些数据发送失败。注意,这些重试与客户端接收到发送错误时的重试没有什么不同。允许重试将潜在的改变数据的顺序,如果这两个消息记录都是发送到同一个partition,则第一个消息失败第二个发送成功,则第二条消息会比第一条消息出现要早。
batch.size int 16384 medium The producer will attempt to batch records together into fewer requests whenever multiple records are being sent to the same partition. This helps performance on both the client and the server. This configuration controls the default batch size in bytes.

No attempt will be made to batch records larger than this size.

Requests sent to brokers will contain multiple batches, one for each partition with data available to be sent.

A small batch size will make batching less common and may reduce throughput (a batch size of zero will disable batching entirely). A very large batch size may use memory a bit more wastefully as we will always allocate a buffer of the specified batch size in anticipation of additional records.
producer将试图批处理消息记录,以减少请求次数。这将改善client与server之间的性能。这项配置控制默认的批量处理消息字节数。
不会试图处理大于这个字节数的消息字节数。
发送到brokers的请求将包含多个批量处理,其中会包含对每个partition的一个请求。
较小的批量处理数值比较少用,并且可能降低吞吐量(0则会仅用批量处理)。较大的批量处理数值将会浪费更多内存空间,这样就需要分配特定批量处理数值的内存大小。

client.id string
medium The id string to pass to the server when making requests. The purpose of this is to be able to track the source of requests beyond just ip/port by allowing a logical application name to be included with the request. The application can set any string it wants as this has no functional purpose other than in logging and metrics.
当向server发出请求时,这个字符串会发送给server。目的是能够追踪请求源头,以此来允许ip/port许可列表之外的一些应用可以发送信息。这项应用可以设置任意字符串,因为没有任何功能性的目的,除了记录和跟踪
linger.ms long 0 medium

The producer groups together any records that arrive in between request transmissions into a single batched request. Normally this occurs only under load when records arrive faster than they can be sent out. However in some circumstances the client may want to reduce the number of requests even under moderate load. This setting accomplishes this by adding a small amount of artificial delay—that is, rather than immediately sending out a record the producer will wait for up to the given delay to allow other records to be sent so that the sends can be batched together. This can be thought of as analogous to Nagle's algorithm in TCP. This setting gives the upper bound on the delay for batching: once we getbatch.sizeworth of records for a partition it will be sent immediately regardless of this setting, however if we have fewer than this many bytes accumulated for this partition we will 'linger' for the specified time waiting for more records to show up. This setting defaults to 0 (i.e. no delay). Settinglinger.ms=5, for example, would have the effect of reducing the number of requests sent but would add up to 5ms of latency to records sent in the absense of load.
producer组将会汇总任何在请求与发送之间到达的消息记录一个单独批量的请求。通常来说,这只有在记录产生速度大于发送速度的时候才能发生。然而, 在某些条件下,客户端将希望降低请求的数量,甚至降低到中等负载一下。这项设置将通过增加小的延迟来完成--即,不是立即发送一条记录,producer 将会等待给定的延迟时间以允许其他消息记录发送,这些消息记录可以批量处理。这可以认为是TCP种Nagle的算法类似。这项设置设定了批量处理的更高的 延迟边界:一旦我们获得某个partition的batch.size,他将会立即发送而不顾这项设置,然而如果我们获得消息字节数比这项设置要小的多, 我们需要“linger”特定的时间以获取更多的消息。 这个设置默认为0,即没有延迟。设定linger.ms=5,例如,将会减少请求数目,但是同时会增加5ms的延迟。

max.request.size int 1048576 medium The maximum size of a request. This is also effectively a cap on the maximum record size. Note that the server has its own cap on record size which may be different from this. This setting will limit the number of record batches the producer will send in a single request to avoid sending huge requests.
请求的最大字节数。这也是对最大记录尺寸的有效覆盖。注意:server具有自己对消息记录尺寸的覆盖,这些尺寸和这个设置不同。此项设置将会限制producer每次批量发送请求的数目,以防发出巨量的请求。
receive.buffer.bytes int 32768 medium The size of the TCP receive buffer to use when reading data
TCP receive缓存大小,当阅读数据时使用
send.buffer.bytes int 131072 medium The size of the TCP send buffer to use when sending data
TCP send缓存大小,当发送数据时使用
timeout.ms int 30000 medium The configuration controls the maximum amount of time the server will wait for acknowledgments from followers to meet the acknowledgment requirements the producer has specified with theacksconfiguration. If the requested number of acknowledgments are not met when the timeout elapses an error will be returned. This timeout is measured on the server side and does not include the network latency of the request.
此配置选项控制server等待来自followers的确认的最大时间。如果确认的请求数目在此时间内没有实现,则会返回一个错误。这个超时限制是以server端度量的,没有包含请求的网络延迟
block.on.buffer.full boolean true low When our memory buffer is exhausted we must either stop accepting new records (block) or throw errors. By default this setting is true and we block, however in some scenarios blocking is not desirable and it is better to immediately give an error. Setting this tofalsewill accomplish that: the producer will throw a BufferExhaustedException if a recrord is sent and the buffer space is full.
当我们内存缓存用尽时,必须停止接收新消息记录或者抛出错误。默认情况下,这个设置为真,然而某些阻塞可能不值得期待,因此立即抛出错误更好。设置为 false则会这样:producer会抛出一个异常错误:BufferExhaustedException, 如果记录已经发送同时缓存已满
metadata.fetch.timeout.ms long 60000 low The first time data is sent to a topic we must fetch metadata about that topic to know which servers host the topic's partitions. This configuration controls the maximum amount of time we will block waiting for the metadata fetch to succeed before throwing an exception back to the client.
是指我们所获取的一些元素据的第一个时间数据。元素据包含:topic,host,partitions。此项配置是指当等待元素据fetch成功完成所需要的时间,否则会跑出异常给客户端。
metadata.max.age.ms long 300000 low The period of time in milliseconds after which we force a refresh of metadata even if we haven't seen any partition leadership changes to proactively discover any new brokers or partitions.
以微秒为单位的时间,是在我们强制更新metadata的时间间隔。即使我们没有看到任何partition leadership改变。
metric.reporters list [] low A list of classes to use as metrics reporters. Implementing theMetricReporterinterface allows plugging in classes that will be notified of new metric creation. The JmxReporter is always included to register JMX statistics.
类的列表,用于衡量指标。实现MetricReporter接口,将允许增加一些类,这些类在新的衡量指标产生时就会改变。JmxReporter总会包含用于注册JMX统计
metrics.num.samples int 2 low The number of samples maintained to compute metrics.
用于维护metrics的样本数
metrics.sample.window.ms long 30000 low The metrics system maintains a configurable number of samples over a fixed window size. This configuration controls the size of the window. For example we might maintain two samples each measured over a 30 second period. When a window expires we erase and overwrite the oldest window.
metrics系统维护可配置的样本数量,在一个可修正的window  size。这项配置配置了窗口大小,例如。我们可能在30s的期间维护两个样本。当一个窗口推出后,我们会擦除并重写最老的窗口
reconnect.backoff.ms long 10 low The amount of time to wait before attempting to reconnect to a given host when a connection fails. This avoids a scenario where the client repeatedly attempts to connect to a host in a tight loop.
连接失败时,当我们重新连接时的等待时间。这避免了客户端反复重连
retry.backoff.ms long 100 low The amount of time to wait before attempting to retry a failed produce request to a given topic partition. This avoids repeated sending-and-failing in a tight loop.
在试图重试失败的produce请求之前的等待时间。避免陷入发送-失败的死循环中。






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