Angular之自定义指令

示例一

<html ng-app='expanderModule'>
    <head>
        <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
        <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="ExpanderSimple.css"/>
        <script src="framework/angular-1.3.0.14/angular.js"><//script>
    </head>
    <body>
        <div ng-controller='SomeController'>
            <expander class='expander' expander-title='title'>
                {{text}}
            </expander>
        </div>
    </body>
</html>

<style>
.expander {
    border: 1px solid black;
    width: 250px;
}

.expander>.title {
    background-color: black;
    color: white;
    padding: .1em .3em;
    cursor: pointer;
}

.expander>.body {
    padding: .1em .3em;
}
</style>

<script>
var expanderModule=angular.module('expanderModule', []);
expanderModule.directive('expander', function() {
    return {
        restrict : 'EA',
        replace : true,
        transclude : true,
        scope : {
            title : '=expanderTitle'
        },
        template : '<div>'
                 + '<div class="title" ng-click="toggle()">{{title}}</div>'
                 + '<div class="body" ng-show="showMe" ng-transclude></div>'
                 + '</div>',
        link : function(scope, element, attrs) {
            scope.showMe = false;
            scope.toggle = function() {
                scope.showMe = !scope.showMe;
            }
        }
    }
});
expanderModule.controller('SomeController',function($scope) {
    $scope.title = '点击展开';
    $scope.text = '这里是内部的内容。';
});

<//script>

效果:
screenshot

解释:

  1. html中,引入了expander的指令,包含一个属性expander-title=
  2. expander指令模板中,2个div,一个title,一个body,title中的{{title}},通过scope,与=expanderTitle进行双向绑定。另一个div的body,调用内部的方法toggle进行,显示或隐藏。

实例二:手风琴

html:

<html ng-app="expanderModule">
    <head>
        <meta http-equiv="content-type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8" />
        <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="Accordion.css"/>
        <script src="framework/angular-1.3.0.14/angular.js"><//script>
        <script src="Accordion.js"><//script>
    </head>
    <body ng-controller='SomeController' >
        <accordion>
            <expander class='expander' ng-repeat='expander in expanders' expander-title='expander.title'>
                {{expander.text}}
            </expander>
        </accordion>
    </body>
</html>

css

.expander {
    border: 1px solid black;
    width: 250px;
}

.expander>.title {
    background-color: black;
    color: white;
    padding: .1em .3em;
    cursor: pointer;
}

.expander>.body {
    padding: .1em .3em;
}

js

var expModule=angular.module('expanderModule',[])
expModule.directive('accordion', function() {
    return {
        restrict : 'EA',
        replace : true,
        transclude : true,
        template : '<div ng-transclude></div>',
        controller : function() {
            var expanders = [];
            this.gotOpened = function(selectedExpander) {
                angular.forEach(expanders, function(expander) {
                    if (selectedExpander != expander) {
                        expander.showMe = false;
                    }
                });
            }
            this.addExpander = function(expander) {
                expanders.push(expander);
            }
        }
    }
});

expModule.directive('expander', function() {
    return {
        restrict : 'EA',
        replace : true,
        transclude : true,
        require : '^?accordion',
        scope : {
            title : '=expanderTitle'
        },
        template : '<div>'
                  + '<div class="title" ng-click="toggle()">{{title}}</div>'
                  + '<div class="body" ng-show="showMe" ng-transclude></div>'
                  + '</div>',
        link : function(scope, element, attrs, accordionController) {
            scope.showMe = false;
            accordionController.addExpander(scope);
            scope.toggle = function toggle() {
                scope.showMe = !scope.showMe;
                accordionController.gotOpened(scope);
            }
        }
    }
});

expModule.controller("SomeController",function($scope) {
    $scope.expanders = [{
        title : 'Click me to expand',
        text : 'Hi there folks, I am the content that was hidden but is now shown.'
    }, {
        title : 'Click this',
        text : 'I am even better text than you have seen previously'
    }, {
        title : 'Test',
        text : 'test'
    }];
});

效果:

screenshot






发表于: 2月前   最后更新时间: 1月前   游览量:189
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