kubernetes 部署 kubedns 插件

半兽人 发表于: 2017-09-26   最后更新时间: 2017-12-07  
  •   0 订阅,805 游览

tags: kubedns

部署 kubedns 插件

官方文件目录:kubernetes/cluster/addons/dns

使用的文件:

$ ls *.yaml *.base
kubedns-cm.yaml  kubedns-sa.yaml  kubedns-controller.yaml.base  kubedns-svc.yaml.base

已经修改好的 yaml 文件见:dns

系统预定义的 RoleBinding

预定义的 RoleBinding system:kube-dns 将 kube-system 命名空间的 kube-dns ServiceAccount 与 system:kube-dns Role 绑定, 该 Role 具有访问 kube-apiserver DNS 相关 API 的权限;

$ kubectl get clusterrolebindings system:kube-dns -o yaml
apiVersion: rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1
kind: ClusterRoleBinding
metadata:
  annotations:
    rbac.authorization.kubernetes.io/autoupdate: "true"
  creationTimestamp: 2017-04-06T17:40:47Z
  labels:
    kubernetes.io/bootstrapping: rbac-defaults
  name: system:kube-dns
  resourceVersion: "56"
  selfLink: /apis/rbac.authorization.k8s.io/v1beta1/clusterrolebindingssystem%3Akube-dns
  uid: 2b55cdbe-1af0-11e7-af35-8cdcd4b3be48
roleRef:
  apiGroup: rbac.authorization.k8s.io
  kind: ClusterRole
  name: system:kube-dns
subjects:
- kind: ServiceAccount
  name: kube-dns
  namespace: kube-system

kubedns-controller.yaml 中定义的 Pods 时使用了 kubedns-sa.yaml 文件定义的 kube-dns ServiceAccount,所以具有访问 kube-apiserver DNS 相关 API 的权限;

配置 kube-dns ServiceAccount

无需修改;

配置 kube-dns 服务

$ diff kubedns-svc.yaml.base kubedns-svc.yaml
30c30
<   clusterIP: __PILLAR__DNS__SERVER__
---
>   clusterIP: 10.254.0.2
  • 需要将 spec.clusterIP 设置为集群环境变量中变量 CLUSTER_DNS_SVC_IP 值,这个 IP 需要和 kubelet 的 —cluster-dns 参数值一致;

配置 kube-dns Deployment

$ diff kubedns-controller.yaml.base kubedns-controller.yaml
58c58
<         image: gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-kube-dns-amd64:1.14.1
---
>         image: xuejipeng/k8s-dns-kube-dns-amd64:v1.14.1
88c88
<         - --domain=__PILLAR__DNS__DOMAIN__.
---
>         - --domain=cluster.local.
92c92
<         __PILLAR__FEDERATIONS__DOMAIN__MAP__
---
>         #__PILLAR__FEDERATIONS__DOMAIN__MAP__
110c110
<         image: gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-dnsmasq-nanny-amd64:1.14.1
---
>         image: xuejipeng/k8s-dns-dnsmasq-nanny-amd64:v1.14.1
129c129
<         - --server=/__PILLAR__DNS__DOMAIN__/127.0.0.1#10053
---
>         - --server=/cluster.local./127.0.0.1#10053
148c148
<         image: gcr.io/google_containers/k8s-dns-sidecar-amd64:1.14.1
---
>         image: xuejipeng/k8s-dns-sidecar-amd64:v1.14.1
161,162c161,162
<         - --probe=kubedns,127.0.0.1:10053,kubernetes.default.svc.__PILLAR__DNS__DOMAIN__,5,A
<         - --probe=dnsmasq,127.0.0.1:53,kubernetes.default.svc.__PILLAR__DNS__DOMAIN__,5,A
---
>         - --probe=kubedns,127.0.0.1:10053,kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local.,5,A
>         - --probe=dnsmasq,127.0.0.1:53,kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local.,5,A
  • --domain集群环境文档 变量 CLUSTER_DNS_DOMAIN 的值;
  • 使用系统已经做了 RoleBinding 的 kube-dns ServiceAccount,该账户具有访问 kube-apiserver DNS 相关 API 的权限;

执行所有定义文件

$ pwd
/root/kubernetes-git/cluster/addons/dns
$ ls *.yaml
kubedns-cm.yaml  kubedns-controller.yaml  kubedns-sa.yaml  kubedns-svc.yaml
$ kubectl create -f .
$

检查 kubedns 功能

新建一个 Deployment

$ cat  my-nginx.yaml
apiVersion: extensions/v1beta1
kind: Deployment
metadata:
  name: my-nginx
spec:
  replicas: 2
  template:
    metadata:
      labels:
        run: my-nginx
    spec:
      containers:
      - name: my-nginx
        image: nginx:1.7.9
        ports:
        - containerPort: 80
$ kubectl create -f my-nginx.yaml
$

Export 该 Deployment, 生成 my-nginx 服务

$ kubectl expose deploy my-nginx
$ kubectl get services --all-namespaces |grep my-nginx
default       my-nginx               10.254.86.48     <none>        80/TCP          1d

创建另一个 Pod,查看 /etc/resolv.conf 是否包含 kubelet 配置的 --cluster-dns--cluster-domain,是否能够将服务 my-nginx 解析到上面显示的 Cluster IP 10.254.86.48

$ cat pod-nginx.yaml
apiVersion: v1
kind: Pod
metadata:
  name: nginx
spec:
  containers:
  - name: nginx
    image: nginx:1.7.9
    ports:
    - containerPort: 80
$ kubectl create -f pod-nginx.yaml
$ kubectl exec  nginx -i -t -- /bin/bash
root@nginx:/# cat /etc/resolv.conf
nameserver 10.254.0.2
search default.svc.cluster.local svc.cluster.local cluster.local tjwq01.ksyun.com
options ndots:5

root@nginx:/# ping my-nginx
PING my-nginx.default.svc.cluster.local (10.254.86.48): 48 data bytes
^C--- my-nginx.default.svc.cluster.local ping statistics ---
2 packets transmitted, 0 packets received, 100% packet loss

root@nginx:/# ping kubernetes
PING kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local (10.254.0.1): 48 data bytes
^C--- kubernetes.default.svc.cluster.local ping statistics ---
1 packets transmitted, 0 packets received, 100% packet loss

root@nginx:/# ping kube-dns.kube-system.svc.cluster.local
PING kube-dns.kube-system.svc.cluster.local (10.254.0.2): 48 data bytes
^C--- kube-dns.kube-system.svc.cluster.local ping statistics ---
1 packets transmitted, 0 packets received, 100% packet loss






发表于: 9月前   最后更新时间: 6月前   游览量:805
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